Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 995-1007.DOI: 10.1007/s40195-014-0113-8

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Experimental Investigation on Friction Welding of UNS S32205 Duplex Stainless Steel

P.M.Ajith1, P.Sathiya1(), S.Aravindan2   

  1. 1.Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, 620015, Tamilnadu, India
    2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, 110016, India
  • Received:2014-07-26 Revised:2014-07-26 Online:2014-07-26 Published:2015-07-23


UNS S 32205 duplex stainless steel specimens were joined by continuous drive friction welding process. The experiments were conducted as per the Taguchi (L16 orthogonal array) method. The friction welding process parameters such as heating pressure, heating time, upsetting pressure, upsetting time, and speed of rotation were fixed with low, medium, and high levels of range based on the machine capacity, and the required knowledge was acquired from the preliminary experiments. The joint characterization studies included micro structural examination and evaluation of mechanical properties of the joints. Microhardness variation, impact toughness, and tensile strength of the joints were evaluated. Neither a crack nor an incomplete bonding zone was observed. The tensile strength of the joints was higher than the strength of the base material, and the friction and upsetting pressures were found to influence the joint strength. The tensile strength of all the welds was observed to be increasing with an increase in the rotational speed. The toughness of the friction welds was evaluated at room temperature and also at subzero (cryo) temperature conditions. The toughness for friction welds was found to be superior to the fusion welds of duplex stainless steel at room temperature and cryo conditions. Weldments exhibited better corrosion resistance than the parent material.

Key words: Duplex stainless steel, Hardness, Tensile strength, Toughness, Microstructure Corrosion